Chambert soils include: Limestone, Clay and Iron
(Terroir locations T5, T7 and T9)
The soil consists of two very distinct soil characteristics that exist in different proportions for each of the 100 plots and provide infinite complexity for the final wine: White clay and limestone from oysters and fossilized marine life coated in decomposed clay ( Kimmeridgien period, 150 to 155 million years ago), identical to the soil found in Chablis. These soils give the Chambert wines their mineral precision, elegant acidity and great length.
Limestone (T5 and T9) - Winter
Red Clay (Siderolithic) : a clay with very high concentrations of iron that was formed at a time when the land of Chambert resembled a tropical rainforest. (Eocene period, 34 to 56 million years ago). This type of soil gives the wine power and aromas of brooding black fruit.
Clay & Iron over limestone base (T7) - Winter
Malbec, the historic grape of Cahors, is known locally as Côt Noir or Auxerrois, and it represents 80% of the vines planted at Chambert. This variety requires a great deal of care and provides very fruity and powerful wines. Merlot, an aromatic and supple varietal, represents 17% of the domain, and the remaining 3% of vines are Chardonnay.
Note: a wine produced in the AOC Cahors area must contain a mandatory minimum of 70% Malbec and only the varieties of Merlot to Tannat can complete this blend.
Malbec vine, 40 years old